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[TOAW4] 莫斯科之路 Ⅲ 古德里安 剧本汉化

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发表于 2019-10-28 20:20:24 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
The Road to Moscow III Guderian Moves South.                                                                                   1-25 August 1941
莫斯科之路 Ⅲ 古德里安 南进
OperationBarbarossa enters its sixth week.  Thebattle of Smolensk is over and Army Group Center has destroyed three moreSoviet Armies.
巴巴罗萨行动进行到了第六周。斯摩棱斯克战役结束并且中央集团军群已经歼灭了三个苏联集团军。
Moscow or the Ukraine?  The Road to Moscow has become progressivelymore difficult with the appearance of the newly formed Soviet 29th 30th 24thand 28th Armies east of Smolensk, backed by the 34th, 31st, 32nd 33rd and 43rdArmies in reserve.  Hitler decides toturn Panzergruppe Guderian due south to the Ukraine.  Guderian's mission is to link up with thepanzers of Army Group Southeast of Kievto encircle five more Soviet Armies around Kiev.
莫斯科还是乌克兰?由于斯摩棱斯克以东出现了新组建的苏联第29、30、24、28集团军,并且有34、31、32、33、43集团军在它们的后方作为预备队,通向莫斯科的道路变得越来越困难。希特勒决定命令古德里安装甲集群转向南方前往乌克兰。古德里安的任务是建立和位于基辅东南的装甲部队的联系并以此包围在基辅附近的五个苏联集团军。
The situation Map 19 show thesituation east of Smolensk at the beginning ofthe scenario on 2 Aug. Note there is a sizable pocket of half a dozen Sovietdivisions east of Smolensk.  About 75 kmSE of Smolensk is Yel’nya, where the Germans are being pocketed, as shown bythe red arrows.
地图19显示了剧本开始时(8月2日)斯摩棱斯克以东的情况。值得注意的是,在斯摩棱斯克以东一个相当大的口袋中有苏军半打师(6个,不太明白是直译好还是意译好,毕竟中国人不说打)斯摩棱斯克东南75km是叶利尼亚,如同红箭头指示的那样,德国部队正在陷入包围圈中。
Meanwhile, on 27July, Guderian was issued an order to attack south, to neutralize the threatfrom the Red Army to Army Group Center’s right flank.  
同时,在7月27日,古德里安被命令向南进攻,以消除中央集团军群右翼红军的威胁。
Panzer GroupGuderian then deployed as shown on Map 19.
地图19显示了古德里安装甲集群接下来是如何部署的。
Map 24 shows theSituation in the Smolensk, Yel’na,Roslavl’ area on 24 August as scenario’s end. Panzer Group Guderian hasadvanced south, and the Yel’na pocket isbeing evacuated.
地图24显示了剧本结束的时候(8月24日)斯摩棱斯克,叶利尼亚,罗斯拉夫利地段的情况。古德里安装甲集群已经前往南方,并且德军正在从叶利尼亚口袋中撤出。











   
  
Source: Glantz, The Battle for Smolensk: 7 July – 10 September 1941. Self-published.
地图来源:格兰茨,斯摩棱斯克战役:1941年7月7日至9月10日。自助出版。(是国内的《巴巴罗萨脱轨,斯摩棱斯克交战:1941年7月10日—9月10日》)
                              



This final map is actually the16- 26 August 1941 map. The printed portion shows the operations in the battlefor Kiev.
最后一张图实际上是1941年8月16日-26日的态势图。截取的这一部分显示了基辅战役中的行动。
In color is the advance of PanzerGroup Guderian to seize jump-off positions for the northern prong of battle forKiev.  (See Scenario IV Kiev in thisseries.)
蓝色的是古德里安装甲集群前进以夺取基辅战役钳形攻势的北路出发点的态势线(参见这个系列的Ⅳ基辅)
In red is the Briansk Frontattack on Guderian’s left flank.
红色的是布良斯克方面军攻击古德里安的左翼。

Source: Glantz, Atlasof the Battle for Kiev Part III
来源:格兰茨,第三部分有关基辅战役的地图集。





GERMANS: Hitler’s Directive 34,issued 30 July 1941, and directs the main thrust of Operation Barbarossa towardLeningrad to the north and the Ukraine to the south.  Army Group Center will to go on thedefensive.
德国:希特勒在7月30日发布的第34号命令将巴巴罗萨行动的进攻重点转向北方的列宁格勒和南方的乌克兰。中央集团军群会转入防御姿态。
Your first priority is to holdYelna 36,30, and avoid entrapment.
你的首要任务是守住位于36,30的叶利尼亚并且防止被包围。
Your mission is then to link upwith Kleist's First Panzergruppe from Army Group South near Romney.  This scenario is the first phase. This meansyou must take Chernigov and Konotop.
你的任务是与克莱斯特的第一装甲集群在罗姆尼附近建立联系。这个剧本是战役的第一阶段,这意味着你必须拿下切尔尼戈夫和科诺托普。
Avoid the temptation to use yourpanzers against Bryansk.  
避免使用你的装甲部队进攻布良斯克。
Historically, Guderian used hisPanzer Korps to encircle the Soviet 28th Army at Roslvol.  He then used the infantry divisions of theFourth Army to relieve the mobile units of the Panzer Korps at Yel’nya to advance along the west bank of theDesna River with the objective of Konotop.
历史上古德里安使用他的装甲部队在罗斯拉夫利包围了苏联第28集团军,紧接着他命令第4集团军的步兵师解放了位于叶利尼亚的快速单位,并以科诺托普为目标前往德斯纳河西岸。
Be watchful, however, of yourleft flank for Soviet counterstrokes!  (TheRed Army nomenclature for counterattacks.) Garrison captured objectives with infantry units as you go.
然而,要注意你左翼的苏军反突击!(这是红军给反攻的命名)应当在你前进时命令步兵单位驻守后方。
DESIGNER'S NOTES:
设计者留言:
Note that German and Sovietforces around Yartsevo are place in this scenario but they have been  placed in a static position since  they do not impact the drive to the south.
注意在这个剧本中亚尔采沃附近存在德国和苏军部队,但他们是被固定住的因为他们并不影响向南的行军。
REFERENCES:
参考资料:
Glantz, David,  ATLAS OF THE BATTLE OF MOSCOW, THE DEFENSIVEPHASE, 1 OCTOBER-5 DECEMBER 1941 Soviet archival maps and German operationalmaps.  The reproduction makes the Germanmaps a little hard to read, but an outstanding source of unit locations.

Guderian, Heinz, PANZER BATTLES.Incorporates almost daily  locations and battlesof units of Guderian's 2rd Panzer Group. Helpful situation maps, but numerouserrors of Soviet order of battle. (see Glantz below).

Glantz, David STUMBLING COLOSSUS,  an excellent order of battle of the 1941Soviet Army.

Glantz and House, J., WHEN TITANS CLASH.

Glanzt, David,  ATLAS OF THE WAR ON THE EASTERN FRONT(1941-1945).

Haupt, Werner, ARMY GROUP CENTER.

Jukes, Geoffrey, THE DEFENSE OF MOSCOW.An old Ballantine Series book, but helpful.

Glantz, David, FORGOTTEN BATTLES OF THEGERMAN-SOVIET WAR, Vol. I, 22 June- 4 Dec 1941. A treasure of new released Sovietmaterial. and German operational maps.

Zaloga, S.J., Ness, L.S., RED ARMYHANDBOOK 1939-1945.  Detailed tables oforganization and equipment of the Soviet Army. Note that by late summer 1941 Soviet tank divisions were brigade-sizedthat contained 22 T34's and seven KV-1's.

Marshal G.K. Zhukov, G. ZHUKOV:REMINISCENCES AND REFLECTIONS.
.

MAPS
TACTICAL PILOTS MAP a great resource,1:500,000 map of modern Russia.

Eastern Europe AMS Topographic Maps
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/ams/eastern_europe/
1:250,000 by the US Army in 1952 from1943 maps of the General Staff of the Red Army. A priceless resource.



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